Bombardier Aerospace is a division of Bombardier Inc. It is the third largest aircraft company in the world in terms of yearly delivery of commercial airplanes overall, and the fourth largest in terms of yearly delivery of regional jets. It is headquartered in Ville-Marie, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
The aerospace division was launched with the 1986 acquisition of Canadair, at the time owned by the Government of Canada, and a company that had recorded the then largest loss in history of any Canadian corporation. Politically, the Federal Government could not allow the Montreal-based company to close, and any hints that it might do so were met with media stories of the Government's Avro CF-105 Arrow fiasco.
After acquiring Canadair and restoring it to profitability, Bombardier acquired in 1989 the near-bankrupt Short Brothers aircraft manufacturing company in Belfast, Northern Ireland. This was followed in 1990 by the acquision of the bankrupt Learjet Company of Wichita, Kansas, builder of the world-famous Learjet business aircraft and finally the money-losing Boeing subsidiary de Havilland Aircraft of Canada based in Toronto, Ontario in 1992.
The aerospace arm now accounts for over half of the company's revenue. Bombardier's most popular aircraft currently include its Dash 8, CRJ100/200/440, and CRJ700/900/1000 lines of regional airliners. It also manufactures the Bombardier 415 amphibious water-bomber and the Challenger business jet. Learjet continues to operate as a subsidiary of Bombardier and manufactures jets under the Learjet name.
Bombardier had been in discussions with Mirabel, Quebec (near Montreal) and Kansas City, Missouri for a $375 million assembly plant, for its future Cseries aircraft, which Bombardier is marketing as a replacement for aging DC-9, MD-80 and early, smaller versions of the Boeing 737. This new jet competes with the Boeing 737-600, Boeing 737-700, Airbus A318 and Airbus A319 and Embraer 195. Bombardier claims the Cseries, which the company will offer in 110-seat and 130-seat versions, will burn at least 20% less fuel per trip than its "nearest" Embraer competitor and achieve "high 20s (percentage) savings" vs. the Boeing 737-600 or -700.
On July 13, 2008, Bombardier announced that production of the C-series would be accomplished in the Montreal suburbs. The launch customer, Lufthansa, has signed a Letter of Intent for up to 60 aircraft and 30 options.
Government Subsidization Controversy
Both Bombardier and its main competitor, Embraer, were engaged in a subsidy dispute in the late 1990s and early 2000s. It was found by the World Trade Organization (WTO), in a 2000 ruling, that Embraer has received illegal subsidies from the Government of Brazil. In its ruling, the WTO ordered Brazil to eliminate its Proex export subsidies program, which was found to aid Embraer. On October 19, 2001, the WTO ruled against Canada, just as it had ruled against Embraer, over low interest loans from the Canadian government designed to aid Bombardier in gaining market share.
- Bombardier Learjet 40 XR
- Bombardier Learjet 45 XR
- Bombardier Learjet 60 XR
- Bombardier Learjet 85
- Bombardier Challenger 300
- Bombardier Challenger 605
- Bombardier Challenger 850
- Bombardier Global 5000
- Bombardier Global Express XRS
- Bombardier CRJ100/CRJ200 (50 passengers)
- Bombardier CRJ700/CRJ900/CRJ1000 (70-100 passengers)
- Bombardier CSeries (100-149 passengers)
- Bombardier 415
- DHC Dash 8/Bombardier QSeries