- Aircraft History, Specification and Information -
Van's Aircraft RV-10
Van's RV-10 - PT-ZAE - RV10 Homebuilt Aircraft
2009 Van's RV-10 PT-ZAE (sn FVE-1589)
Photo taken July 2010 @ Oshkosh (EAA AirVenture Fly-in), WI - USA (OSH / KOSH)
Photo © Marcel Siegenthaler

The Van's Aircraft RV-10 is a four-seat, single-engine, low-wing homebuilt airplane sold in kit form by Van's Aircraft. It is the first four-seat airplane in the popular RV series. The RV-10 first flew in May 2003, and the first kit parts were delivered to a customer in September 2003.

By February 2010, 278 RV-10s had been completed and flown.


The architect of the line of Van’s aircraft, Richard VanGrunsven, designed the RV-10 to satisfy a market demand for a four-seat version of the popular RV series aircraft. The RV-10 was designed from the start as a touring aircraft and as such it forgoes the aerobatic capabilities and the lighter handling common to the aircraft in the RV line from the RV-3 to RV-8. Instead the RV-10 design focuses on greater stability and payload.

The design power is 210 to 260 (150 to 190 kW) and the prototype was flown with a Lycoming IO-540 powerplant of 260 hp, which is the maximum that the airframe was designed to accept.

This is the first aircraft in the RV line that does not have a hinged or sliding canopy. VanGrunsven instead opted for two gull-winged doors to provide access to the four seats.

This design has benefited from many of the production changes that were pioneered with the RV-7, RV-8 and the RV-9. Like those aircraft, the RV-10 uses computer assisted design to produce a kit with pre-drilled rivet holes, thus greatly reducing assembly time for the builder. The RV-10 is available only as a tricycle landing gear version and no tailwheel or retractable landing gear versions are planned.

The aircraft is constructed of aluminum with the cabin structure and gull-winged doors made from composite materials. The landing gear is tubular steel with the nosewheel mounting tube welded to the engine mount. As in all nose-wheel equipped RV aircraft, the nosewheel is free castering and the aircraft is steered with differential braking. The brakes are mounted conventionally on the rudder pedal toes.


The total price of the kit as of April 30, 2006, is $36,180. A "quick-build" option with pre-built wings and fuselage is $46,230. After adding an engine, propeller, avionics and other costs, Van's estimates that the kit can be completed for a total cost between $70,000 and $100,000. Many builders have chosen to install advanced glass cockpit avionics, which can increase the total cost to as much as $150,000.

Construction Time

The amount of time and effort required to build the airplane can vary greatly, but Vans claims that the average first-time builder can complete it in 2,000 man-hours.

Specifications (RV-10)

Specifications are given for 260HP, IO-540 configuration.

General characteristics
Crew: Pilot
Capacity: 4 occupants (Including Pilot)
Length: 24 ft 5 in (7.44 m)
Wingspan: 31 ft 9 in (9.68 m)
Height: 8 ft 8 in (2.64 m)
Wing area: 148 ft² (13.7 m²)
Empty weight: 1,520 lb (689 kg)
Loaded weight: 2,700 lb (1225 kg)
Max takeoff weight: 2600lb (1181kg)
Powerplant: 1× Lycoming O-540/IO-540, 210-260hp (157-194 kW)

Never exceed speed: mph (km/h)
Maximum speed: 208 mph at sea level (332 km/h, 179 kt)
Range: 1,000 miles Cruise 55% power at 8,000 ft (1,600 km)
Service ceiling: 20,000 ft (est) (6,100 m)
Rate of climb: 1,450 ft/min (7.4 m/s)
Wing loading: 18.6 lb/ft² (91 kg/m²)

Last updated September 12, 2010
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Van's Aircraft RV-10".
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