- Aircraft History, Specification and Information -
Lockheed L-100 Hercules
Lockheed L-100 Hercules - Model 382G - First Air - C-GHPW
1978 Lockheed L-100-30 (Model 382G) Hercules
C-GHPW (sn 4799)
First Air
Photo taken July 2005
Yellowknife Airport, NT - Canada (YZF / CYZF)
Photo © Marcel Siegenthaler

The Lockheed L-100 Hercules was the Lockheed Corporation's less successful civilian variant of the prolific C-130 military transport aircraft. Its first flight occurred in 1964. Longer L-100-20 and L-100-30 versions were developed. L-100 production ended in 1992 with 114 aircraft delivered.

Development

In 1959, Pan American ordered 12 GL-207 Super Hercules to be delivered by 1962, it was to be powered by four 6,000 eshp Allison T61 turboprops. It was to be 23 ft 4 in (7.11m) longer than the C-130B, a variant powered by 6,445 Rolls-Royce Tynes and a jet-powered variant with four Pratt & Whitney JT3D-11 turbofans were also under development. Both Pan American and Slick Airways (who had ordered six) cancelled their orders and the other variants did not evolve past design studies. The company then decided to produce a commercial variant which was just a de-militarised version of the C-130E Hercules. The prototype L-100 (N1130E) first flew on the 20 April 1964 when it carried out a 25 hour 1 minute flight. The type certificate was awarded on 16 February 1965. Twenty-one production aircraft were then built with the first delivery to Continental Air Services on 30 September 1965.

Slow sales led to the development of two new, longer versions, the L-100-20 and L-100-30, both of which were larger and more economical than the original model. Deliveries totaled 114 aircraft, with production ending in 1992. An L-100J variant of the updated C-130J was cancelled in 2000.

Variants

Civilian variants are equivalent to the C-130E model without pylon tanks or military equipment.

  • L-100 (Model 382)
    One prototype powered by four Allison 501-D22s and first flown in 1964
  • L-100 (Model 382B)
    Production variant
  • L-100-20 (Model 382E and Model 382F)
    Stretched variant certified in 1968 with a new 5 ft (1.5 m) section forward of the wing and 3 ft 4 in (1.02 m) section aft of the wing.
  • L-100-30 (Model 382G)
    A further stretched variant with an addition 6 ft 8 in (2.03 m) fuselage section.

Operators

In July 2009 a total of 36 Lockheed L-100 Hercules aircraft were in commercial service. Operators include Safair (9), Lynden Air Cargo (6), Transafrik (5), Libyan Arab Air Cargo (3), First Air (2), and other operators with fewer numbers of the type.

In January 2009, 35 Lockheed L-100s were in use with military operators, including Indonesian Air Force (10) Philippine Air Force (4) , Libyan Air Force (5), Algerian Air Force (3), Kuwait Air Force (3), Peruvian Air Force (3), Royal Saudi Air Force (3), and other users with fewer aircraft.

Specifications (Lockheed L-100-30)

General characteristics
Crew: 3-4: (two pilots, navigator, flight engineer/loadmaster)
Payload: 51,050 lb (23,150 kg)
Length: 112 ft 9 in (34.37 m)
Wingspan: 132 ft 7 in (40.4 m)
Height: 38 ft 3 in (11.6 m)
Wing area: 1,745 ft² (162.1 m²)
Empty weight: 77,740 lb (35,260 kg)
Max takeoff weight: 155,000 lb (70,300 kg)
Powerplant: 4× Allison 501-D22A turboprops, 4,510 shp (3,360 kW) each

Performance
Maximum speed: 308 knots (354 mph, 570 km/h) at 20,000 ft (6,060 m)
Cruise speed: 292 kn (336 mph, 540 km/h)
Range: 1,334 nmi (1,535 mi, 2,470 km)
Ferry range: 4,830 nmi (2,360 mi, 8,950 km)
Service ceiling: 23,000 ft (7,000 m)
Rate of climb: 1,830 ft/min (9.3 m/s)

Last updated June 28, 2010
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Lockheed L-100 Hercules".
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