- Aircraft History, Specification and Information -
Honda HA-420 HondaJet
HondaJet - N420HA - Honda HA-420
2003 HondaJet - Honda HA-420
N420HA (sn P0001)
On static display at the EAA Airventure 2010
Photo taken July 27, 2010
Photo © Marcel Siegenthaler

The Honda HA-420 HondaJet is the first aircraft available to the general aviation market to be developed by the Honda Motor Company.

Development

HondaJet - N420HA N420HA - HondaJet Honda HA-420
HondaJet Engines - N420HA HondaJet Engine - N420HA - Honda HA-420
HondaJet - N420HA at EAA Airventure 2010 Honda Jet Over The Wing Engine Mount Design - N420HA
Streamlined Cockpit Contours Of The HondaJet N420HA HondaJet Over The Wing Jet Engine Mount Configuration - N420HA - Honda HA-420 Honda Jet
2003 Honda HA-420 HondaJet - N420HA (sn P0001)
On static display at the EAA Airventure 2010
Photo taken July 27, 2010 Oshkosh (EAA AirVenture Fly-in), WI - USA (OSH / KOSH)
Photo © Marcel Siegenthaler

Honda began research into small sized business jets in the late 1980s, using engines from other manufacturers. The Honda MH02, an organic matrix composite prototype, was fabricated and assembled at Mississippi State University's Raspet Flight Research Laboratory in the late 1980s and early 1990s.

The HondaJet made its maiden flight in December 2003 and was debuted to the public at the EAA AirVenture air show in Oshkosh, Wisconsin, in July 2005. On July 25, 2006, Honda returned to Oshkosh to announce it would commercialize the HondaJet, establishing the Honda Aircraft Company to seek both type and production certification of the HondaJet with production to take place in the United States. The company began taking customer orders for HondaJet in the fall of 2006 at a price of approximately $3.65 million US. The plan is to build 70 jets per year.

In August 2006 Honda and Piper Aircraft announced a partnership to market the HondaJet.

In May 2010, it is reported assembly of major components of the first conforming HondaJet, including the composite fuselage, metal wings, empennage, landing gear and over-the-wing-mounted engine pylons has completed, and work to complete integration of major systems, including electrical, hydraulic and environmental control, has started. The first conforming engine will be delivered in the third quarter of 2010 and be installed on the aircraft. Honda Aircraft is reported to begin static testing of a conforming airframe in May 2010.

Because of delays in some components, maiden flight of the first design- and production-conforming plane is currently scheduled for November 2010, while FAA certification is expected to follow 20 months later. Delivery of the first plane is planned for the third quarter of 2012.

Design

Honda decided to go with an unusual over-the-wing podded engine configuration, a feature developed on the innovative Vereinigte Flugtechnische Werke VFW-614 decades earlier, which allows for more space within the fuselage and reduction of drag at higher speeds. The fuselage itself is made from lightweight composite materials, while the wings are made from structurally reinforced single sheets of aluminum. The use of a single sheet allows for a smoother surface than more conventional methods. Honda claims that the combination of lightweight materials, aerodynamics and the efficient engines gives the HondaJet a 30-35% higher fuel efficiency than similar aircraft.

Honda began developing its own small turbofan engine, the HF118, in 1999. This led to the evolution of the HF120, which was developed with GE Aviation under the GE Honda partnership, and was test-flown on a Cessna Citation and on a modified Boeing 727-100. The engine features a single fan, a two-stage compressor and a two-stage turbine. Further design testing on wing shape and design were done on a T-33 Shooting Star, modified by AVTEL Services, Inc, and flight tested at the Mojave Airport.

The aircraft is equipped with a Garmin G3000 glass cockpit system (i.e. most of the cockpit readouts are presented on flat-panel displays).

Production

The aircraft will be made at Piedmont Triad International Airport, Greensboro, North Carolina, USA. The plant for making the aircraft will be built by the end of 2011.

Honda expects to sell 70 planes per year.

Specifications (HA-420 HondaJet)

General characteristics
Crew: 1-2 crew members
Capacity: 5 passengers (6 Passengers for AirTaxi)
Length: 41.70 ft (12.71 m)
Wingspan: 39.87 ft (12.15 m)
Height: 13.21 ft (4.03 m)
Useful load: 644lbs
Max takeoff weight: 4,173 kg (9,200 lb)
Powerplant: 2× GE Honda HF120 turbofan engines, 1,880lbf each (Bypass Ratio= 2.9) (8.04kN) each

Performance
Maximum speed: 420 KTAS (778 kmh, 483 mph)
Cruise speed: 420 KTAS (FL300)
Range: 1400 nm (1611 mi, 2,593 km) (VFR Range)
Service ceiling: 43,000 ft (13,107 m)
Rate of climb: 3990 ft/min (20.27 m/s)

Avionics
Garmin G3000 glass cockpit

Last updated August 18, 2010
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Honda HA-420 HondaJet".
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