The Embraer E-Jets are a series of narrow body, twin-engined, medium range, jet airliners produced in Brazil. Announced at the Paris Air Show in 1999, and entering production in 2002, the aircraft have been a success – as of December 31, 2008, there are 876 firm orders for E-Jets and 810 options. The manufacturer reports 410 units had been delivered by June 30, 2008, and predicts that by the end of 2016, another 1,112 units will be delivered.
Design and development
The Embraer E-Jets line is composed of two main commercial families and a business jet variant. The smaller E-170 and E-175 make up the base model aircraft, with the E-190 and E-195 being stretched versions, with different engines and larger wing and landing gear structures. The 170 and 175 share 95% commonality, as do the 190 and 195. The two families share near 89% commonality, with identical fuselage cross-sections and avionics, featuring the Honeywell Primus Epic EFIS suite.
Although commonly referred to with simply an "E" prefix, the jets are technically still Embraer Regional Jets ("ERJ"s). Embraer dropped the ERJ prefix in its advertising early in production. The E-190/195 series of aircraft have similar capacities to the initial versions of the DC-9 and Boeing 737, which have always been considered mainline airliners. Embraer E-Jets use four-abreast seating.
The E-170 family is the smaller of the two, competing with regional aircraft such as the Bombardier CRJ-700/900, Bombardier Q400/ and the Sukhoi Superjet 100. It also seeks to replace the market segment occupied by earlier competing designs such as the BAe 146 and Fokker 70. The 170 and 175 are powered with GE CF34-8E engines of 13,800 pounds (61.39 kN) thrust each.
The Embraer 170 was the first version produced. The prototype was rolled out on 29 October 2001, with first flight 119 days later on February 19. The aircraft was displayed to the public in May 2002 at the Regional Airline Association convention. After a positive response from the airline community, Embraer proceeded with the launch of the stretched E-175 in June 2003. Certification for the 170 took nearly 2 years after the public debut; delivery of the first aircraft to the launch customer LOT Polish Airlines was in March 2004.
As of 2008, the E-170 is operated in the United States by regional airlines Shuttle America and Republic Airlines upon Delta Connection, US Airways Express, Midwest Connect and United Express, routes. Asia's first operator was Hong Kong Express Airways with a fleet of 4 Embraer 170s. J-Air, a subsdiary of Japan Airlines (JAL) will introduce the type to service in 2008 following an order in 2007 for 10 aircraft with 5 options.
Embraer 170 (or ERJ 170-100) - In August 2006 111 Embraer 170 aircraft (all variants) remain in airline service, with 30 orders. Major operators include: Finnair (10) (4 leased), LOT Polish Airlines (10), Republic Airlines (28) and Shuttle America (45). Six airlines operate the type in smaller numbers. In September 2006, EgyptAir announced that it will place a firm order of 6 airplanes with an option for another 6 for its newly launched subsidiary, EgyptAir Express. These Embraer 170 aircraft will be used to fly to domestic and regional destinations. The 400th Embraer 170 was sold in June 2008 to the U.S. based company, Republic Airlines.
Embraer 175 (or ERJ 170-200) - In August 2006, 20 Embraer 175-200LR aircraft were in airline service, with 68 further orders. Major operators include Air Canada with 15 aircraft and LOT Polish Airlines with 18 aircraft. Major firm orders include 30 aircraft for Republic Airlines and 36 aircraft for Compass Airlines (a subsidiary of Northwest Airlines). India-based Paramount Airways has ordered ten 86-seater Embraer 175s. TRIP Linhas Aéreas also holds a frim order for five Embraer 175.
The E-190 family is a larger stretch of the E-170 model fitted with a new, larger wing and a new engine, the GE CF34-10E, rated at 18,500 lb (82.30 kN). Being in the 100-seat range, it competes with smaller jets including the Bombardier CRJ-1000, Boeing 717-200 and 737-600 as well as the Airbus A318.
The first flight of the E-190 was in March 2004, with the first flight of the E-195 in December of the same year. The launch customer of the E-190 was New York-based low cost carrier JetBlue with 100 orders and 100 options. European low cost carrier Flybe launched the E-195 with 14 orders and 12 options.
As the 190/195 family is of mainline aircraft size, many airlines will operate them as such, fitting them with a business class section and operating them themselves, instead of having them flown by a commuter airline partner. For example, Air Canada operates 45 E-190 aircraft fitted with 9 business-class and 84 economy-class seats as part of their primary fleet.
Embraer 190 (or ERJ 190-100) — In August 2006, 36 Embraer 190 aircraft (all variants) are in airline service, with 249 orders. Operators include Air Canada with 45 aircraft and JetBlue Airways with 27 aircraft (and 80 firm orders). Other orders include 57 aircraft for US Airways. Hainan Airlines is to order 50 ERJ-190s, becoming the largest customer in China. In Mexico the only E-190 operator is Aeroméxico Connect with 4 operational aircraft and 12 more on order.
Embraer 195 (or ERJ 190-200) — In August 2006, there were 36 orders for the Embraer 195 aircraft (all variants), from Royal Jordanian (7), Flybe (14), Deutsche Lufthansa for its Air Dolomiti subsidiary (5) and Swiss International Air Lines. Flybe has taken delivery of the first Embraer 195 Jets (15). Five are on order for Indian Paramount Airways, while Montenegro Airlines chose to expand its fleet with two such airplanes. The recently launched Azul Brazilian Airlines began flying in December 2008 with this aircraft type and ordered some more.
Embraer Lineage 1000
On 2 May 2006 Embraer announced plans for the business jet variant of the E-190. This would have the same structure as the E-190, but with an extended range of up to 4,200 nm, and luxury seating for up to 19. The Argentinian Air Force ordered one for VIP purposes.
The technology developed for Embraer's E-jets will be incorporated in a future military transport aircraft called the C-390.
Azul Brazilian Airlines ordered 36 E-195 jets, with another 40 on option, expected to arrive in January 2009. Azul will become Brazil's first airline to operate the type.
Aeroméxico Connect, the express subsidiary of Aeroméxico has recently integrated 4 E-190s for domestic and international services, becoming the first airline in Mexico to operate the type. The 99 seater is operating in some markets that were served with mainline McDonnell Douglas MD-87 equipment. The airline has also announced the order for 12 more aircraft of this type.
Air Canada currently owns and operates 15 Embraer 175 aircraft and 45 Embraer 190 aircraft. All of them came factory fitted with the XM (Extreme Makeover) project. Air Canada currently operates in the Caribbean and North America with these aircraft.
BA CityFlyer has ordered 11 E-Jets for use out of London City Airport and are due to receive them in the latter half of 2009.
EgyptAir Express, the regional subsidiary of the Egyptian national carrier, EgyptAir, launched operations in June 2007 with the arrival of the first of six Embraer 170s. All six will be delivered before October 2007, when the six options are expected to be converted to firm orders for either the Embraer 190 or 195
Finnair, the national airline of Finland, has 10 Embraer 170 and eight Embraer 190. Finnair also has five unfilled orders, to be delivered in 2009 and 2010.
The largest single order for any type of E-Jets has come from JetBlue with 100 orders for the E-190, and options for 100 more. JetBlue set the record for the longest flight of the E190 family on November 6, 2008, when aircraft N239JB made a non-stop flight from Anchorage, Alaska (ANC) to Buffalo, New York (BUF), a total of 2,694 nautical miles. This was an empty aircraft on a non-revenue flight, the aircraft eventually returning to JFK after a two-month long charter service with Vice Presidential candidate Sarah Palin.
Kenya Airways has an order for three Embraer 170 jets to be leased through GECAS. Delivery is to start in the second quarter of 2007 and be completed in mid 2008. The 170 will replace a pair of Saab 340 turboprops serving domestic short haul routes.
LOT Polish Airlines, the national airline of Poland, has 10 Embraer 170, 10 Embraer 145 and six Embraer 175 with 12 on order, making it the biggest Embraer carrier in Europe.
Régional became the first European operator of the Embraer 190 on 23 November 2006 when the first of six on order was delivered.
Royal Jordanian, the national airline of Jordan, operates five Embraer 195s, 2 Embraer 175s and has options for 12 more Embraer 195s. It was the first Arab airline to operate the Embraer 195 and the second to operate the Embraer 175.
SkyAirWorld, the first Australian operator, has taken delivery of its first E170 from Hong Kong Express in March 2007, with an additional five aircraft on order next year (four 190s and one 170). From 1 May 2007, SkyAirWorld will operate an 170 on behalf of Solomon Airlines on flights from Honiara to Brisbane, Espiritu Santo and Nadi
Virgin Blue, an Australian low cost carrier, has ordered Embraer 170s and 190s to compete against QantasLink on the Sydney-Canberra (capital) / Albury / Port Maquarie / Mackay routes, freeing up the Boeing 737 fleet to compete on similar routes to Jetstar, Tiger Airways, and Freedom Air. In December 2008, the airline expanded its E170 route coverage, commencing Summer operations on the Launceston-Brisbane route.
Airnorth (1 E-170, 1 E-170-AR (Advanced Range) ordered)
Virgin Blue (5 E-170, 10 E-190, 1 E-170 and 2 E-190 remaining for delivery in 2008)
Niki (5 E-190 on order, plus 5 options)
Azul Brazilian Airlines (2 E-190 ex-Jetblue, Firm Order 5 E-190 and Firm order 31 E-195)
Embraer (3 E-170, 1 E-175, 4 E-190)
Brazilian Air Force (2 VC-2 E-190)
TRIP Linhas Aéreas (Firm order 5 E-175)
Air Canada (15 E-175, 45 E-190)
Grand China Express (7 E-190, plus 43 orders)
Kunpeng Airlines (1 E-190, 4 E-190 ordered, waiting governmental approval for order up to 50)
Costa Rica, El Salvador
TACA (4 E-190, 8 E-190 ordered, 15 E-190 options)
AeroRepública (9 E-190, 1 written off, 8 E-190 ordered, options for 20 more E-190)
SATENA (2 E-170)
TAME (2 E-170, 3 E-190)
EgyptAir Express (9 E-170, 3 on order)
Finnair (10 E-170, 8 E-190, 5 E-190 orders)
Air Caraïbes (1 E-190, operated previously 1 E-175)
Régional (6 E-190, 1 E-170, five E-170 and four E-190 on order)
Cirrus Airlines (2 E-170, previously operated 1 E-175)
Lufthansa (Firm order 18 E-190)
Hong Kong Express (4 E-170, no longer in service)
Paramount Airways (2 E-170, 3 E-175, planned purchases of 8 E-170 and 5 E-195)
Arkia (1 E-195, 1 E-195 on order)
Alitalia Express (6 E-170)
Air Dolomiti (5 E-195 on order, one delivered)
Fuji Dream Airlines (1 E-170, 1 E-170 and 1 E-195 on order)
J-Air (10 E-170 on order, options for 5 E-170 or 175)
Royal Jordanian (5 E-195, 2 E-175, options for 12 E-195's and option for 14 E-175's)
Kenya Airways (3 E-170)
Sirte Oil Company (1 E-170)
Aeroméxico Connect (4 E-190, 12 more on order, 2 leased)
Air Moldova (order 1 E-190)
Montenegro Airlines (1 E-195, 2 more on order, option for 1 more E-195)
KLM Cityhopper (3 E-190, 7 more on order)
Virgin Nigeria (1 E-190, 2 more E-190 on order, 7 E-170 on order, options for 6 E-190)
Copa Airlines (15 E-190, 10 more on order, options for a further 5 E-190)
LOT Polish Airlines (10 E-170, 6 E-175, 12 more E-175 on order)
Sky Srpska 1 E-190 in use
Republic of China (Taiwan)
Mandarin Airlines (8 E-190 from GE Commercial Aviation)
Saudi Arabian Airlines (15 E-170)
Air Europa (6 E-195)
Flybaboo (3 E-190)
BA CityFlyer (Orders for 6 E-170 and 5 E-190)
Flybe (12 E-195, 2 more on order and options for an additional 12 aircraft)
Compass Airlines for Northwest Airlink (36 E-175)
JetBlue Airways (34 E-190, 64 more on order)
Republic Airlines (27 E-170, 37 E-175, 30 total orders for 86 seat aircraft)
Shuttle America (43 E-170's + 16 E-175 aircraft will be operated by Republic Airways Holdings Shuttle America for Delta Connection to replace the Embraer 170's they already operate on behalf of the Delta brand.)
US Airways (25 E-190, 25 more on order)
|Flight Deck Crew
|Passenger Capacity (Single Class)
(98 ft 1 in)
|31.68 m (103 ft 11 in)
||36.24 m (118 ft 11 in)
(126 ft 10 in)
||26.00 m (85 ft 4 in)
||28.72 m (94 ft 3 in)
(32 ft 4 in)
(34 ft 7 in)
|Empty Weight (kg)
|Maximum takeoff (kg)
|Takeoff Run at MTOW
||2,044 m (6,700 ft)
||2× GE CF34-8E turbofans
62.3 kN (13,800 lbf) thrust each
|2× GE CF34-10E turbofans
82.3 kN (18,500 lbf) thrust each
||890 km/h (481 kn, Mach 0.82)
||3,334 km (STD)
3,889 km (LR)
3,892 km (AR)
|3,334 km (STD)
3,889 km (LR)
3,706 km (AR)
|3,334 km (STD)
4,260 km (LR)
4,448 km (AR)
|2,593 km (STD)
3,334 km (LR)
4,077 km (AR)
||41,000 ft (12,500 m)
|Rate of climb
|Fuselage and cabin cross-section
||3.01 m (9 ft 11 in)
||2.74 m (9 ft 0 in)
||3.35 m (11 ft 0 in)
||2.00 m (6 ft 7 in)