The Dassault MD 315 Flamant is a French light twin-engined transport airplane built shortly after World War II by Dassault Aviation for the French Air Force.
Design and development
Design work on a twin-engined light transport started in 1946 with the MD 303, a development of an earlier project for an eight-seat communications aircraft the Marcel Bloch MB-30. The prototype MD 303 first flew on 26 February 1947 powered by two Béarn 6D engines, designed to meet a French Air Force requirement for a colonial communications aircraft. A re-engined version was ordered into production at the new Dassault factory at Bordeaux-Mérignac. The production aircraft was a low-wing monoplane with twin tail surfaces and a a tri-cycle undercarriage and powered by two Renault 12S piston engines.
Three main versions of the aircraft now named Flamant (means Flamingo in French) were produced. The MD 315 10-seat colonial communication aircraft (first flown on 6 July 1947), the MD 312 six-seat transport aircraft (first flew on 27 April 1950), and the MD 311 navigation trainer (first flew on 23 March 1948. The MD 311 had a distinctive glazed nose for its role as both a bombing and navigation trainer.
The first Flamant was delivered to the French Air Force in 1949 and deliveries of all versions was completed by 1953.
The aircraft was used for pilot training, transport, maritime surveillance and bombing. During the Algerian War of Independence the plane was used for light attack with SS11 missiles or with machine guns, bombs, and rockets. The Flamant stayed in service until 1981. In addition to the French air force, the Flamant served in Cambodia, Madagascar, Tunisia, and Vietnam.
• MD 303 - Prototype, one built
• MD 311 - Bombing, navigation and photography training aircraft, 39 built.
• MD 312 - Six-seat transport and communications aircraft, 142 built.
• MD 312B - Experimental version with heavier loaded weight, one built.
• MD 315 - 10-seat utility transport aircraft, 137 built.
• MD 316 - One MD 315 aircraft fitted with two 820-hp (611-kW) SNECMA 14X Super Mars radial piston engines.
• MD 316T - One prototype fitted with a single-finned tail, and two 800-hp (597-kW) Wright R-1300-CB7A1 Cyclone radial piston engines.
-- Cambodian Air Force (MD 315)
-- Cameroon Air Force (MD 315)
-- French Air Force (MD 315, MD 312, MD 311)
-- French Navy (MD 312)
-- Madagascar Aeronaval Force (MD 315, MD 312)
-- Tunisian Air Force (MD 312)
- Crew: 2
- Capacity: 10 passengers
- Length: 12.50 m (41 ft 0 in)
- Wingspan: 20.68 m (67 ft 10 in)
- Height: 4.50 m (14 ft 9 in)
- Wing area: 47.2 m²--> (508.06 ft²-->)
- Empty weight: 4250 kg (9,370 lb)
- Loaded weight: 5,790 kg (12,760 lb)
- Max takeoff weight: 5800 kg (12,787 lb)
- Powerplant: 2× Renault 12S 02-201 inline piston, 433 kW (580 hp) each
- Maximum speed: 300 km/h (160 knots, 190 mph)
- Range: 1,215 km (656 nm, 755 km)
- Service ceiling 8,000 m (26,000 ft)
- Power/mass: 147 W/kg (0.0897 hp/lb)