- Aircraft History, Specification and Information -
Cirrus SR22
Cirrus SR22-GTS - C-GSRC
2006 Cirrus SR22 GTS
C-GSRC (sn 1849)
Photo taken Jun. 2009
Penticton Airport, BC Canada
(YYF / CYYF)
Photo © AirplaneMart.com
Cirrus SR-22 Cockpit - N152WK - Avidyne Displays
Cirrus SR22
N152WK (sn 1436)
Cockpit view of N152WK
Photo taken June 02, 2007
Hendersonville Airport, North Carolina USA (0A7)
Photo Copyright and Thanks to
Willson Moss
Cirrus SR22-G2 Aircraft - VH-CPK
Cirrus SR22-G2
VH-CPK (sn 0851)
Privately owned aircraft with "Bodyworx Cosmetic Surgery" tittle.
Photo taken March 03, 2008
Jandakot Airport, Western Australia (JAD / YPJT)
Photo Copyright and Thanks to
KianHong

The SR22, by Cirrus Design, is a single-engine, four-seat, composite aircraft. It is a more powerful version of the Cirrus SR20, with a larger wing, higher fuel capacity, and a 310 horsepower (231 kW) engine. It is extremely popular among purchasers of new aircraft and has been the world's best-selling single-engine, four-seat aircraft for several years. Like the Cessna 400, but unlike most other aircraft in its class, the SR22 has fixed (non-retractable) landing gear.

The aircraft is perhaps best known for being equipped with the Cirrus Aircraft Parachute System (CAPS), an emergency parachute capable of lowering the entire aircraft (and occupants) to the ground in an emergency.

Design and development

The SR22 was certified in November 2000 and is a higher-powered version of the earlier S20. The SR22 is a low wing cantilever monoplane of composite construction with tricycle landing gear, featuring a castering nose wheel and steering via differential braking on the main wheels. It is powered by a nose-mounted 310 hp (230 kW) Continental IO-550-N piston engine. The cabin for four is accessed through a door on each side.

Turbo option
The SR22 turbo uses a Tornado Alley turbonormalizing upgrade kit featuring twin turbonormalizers and twin intercoolers. The turbo conversion will allow pilots to fly higher, faster, and farther. The Cirrus SR22 Turbo installation is similar to that in the Mooney Acclaim and the Cessna 400. Also included with the conversion is built-in oxygen and a Hartzell 3-blade light weight composite propeller. The weight of the conversion will reduce the SR22's useful load. Air conditioning is available with the SR22 Turbo, but this further reduces the useful load. The turbo version has a certified ceiling of 25,000 feet (7,600 m), a maximum cruise speed of 211 knots (391 km/h), and a top speed of 219 knots (406 km/h). This is 23 knots (43 km/h) slower than the Mooney Acclaim, the fastest aircraft in this category (piston-powered propeller with turbocharged engine.)

Glass cockpit upgrading
SR22s that were built before 2003 were not equipped with the Avidyne Entegra primary flight display that was standard equipment on later SR22 model years. Retrofits are available for the older aircraft that replace the instrument panels with a new one that will include the PFD, a new multifunction display and the installation of back-up mechanical instruments.

On May 22, 2008, Cirrus Design and Garmin revealed a new kind of cockpit known as the Garmin Perspective. The previously offered Avidyne cockpit remains standard equipment, while the Perspective cockpit is an option on the SR22-GTS and SR22-GTS Turbo models.

Flight into known icing
The completion of testing for flight into known icing was announced by the company on 12 January 2009. The equipment change involved installation of a larger fluid tank for the TKS weeping wing system and more areas of the aircraft protected. The new installation was FAA approved in April 2009.

Variants

Cirrus SR22 - Original version

Cirrus SR22 G2 - Improved variant

Cirrus SR22 G3 - Improved variant for 2007 with increased fuel capacity and lighter wing.

Cirrus SR21 TDI - Proposed diesel powered variant

Aircraft type club

The Cirrus aircraft are supported by an aircraft type club, the Cirrus Owners and Pilots Association (COPA).

Operators

United States
- ImagineAir - 5. Commenced operations 2007.
- SATSair - 26. Commenced operations 2004, defunct 2009.
- Purdue University - (on order for spring of 2010)

Accidents and incidents

Between 2001 and April 2009 62 Cirrus SR22 aircraft crashed, resulting in 48 fatalities.

Specifications (Cirrus SR22)

General characteristics
Crew: one
Capacity: three passengers
Length: 26 ft 0 in (7.92 m)
Wingspan: 38 ft 4 in (11.68 m)
Height: 8 ft 11 in (2.72 m)
Airfoil: Roncz
Empty weight: 2,225 lb (1,009 kg)
Gross weight: 3,400 lb (1,542 kg)
Fuel capacity: 92 US gallons (348 litres)
Powerplant: 1 × Continental IO-550-N Six cylinder horizontally opposed aircraft engine
Propellers: 3-bladed

Performance
Takeoff ground roll: 1,028 ft (313 m)
Takeoff distance over 50 ft (15 m) object: 1594 ft (486 m)
Climb rate: 1400 ft/min (427 m/min)
Cruise speed (75% power): 185 ktas (343 km/h)
Maximum range (55% power): over 1143 nmi (1852 km)
Landing ground Roll: 1141 ft (348 m)
Landing distance over 50 ft (15 m) Object: 2344 ft (714 m)

V speeds
Vr (rotation): 70 kias (130 km/h)
Vx (best angle of climb): 80 kias (148 km/h)
Vy (best rate of climb): 100 kias (185 km/h)
Vso (stall, dirty): 59 kias (109 km/h)
Vs (stall, clean): 70 kias (130 km/h)
Va (maneuvering speed): 133 kias (246 km/h)
Vno (max cruise): 178 kias (330 km/h)
Vne (never exceed): 201 kias (372 km/h)
Vfe (50% flaps): 119 kias (220 km/h)
Vfe (100% flaps): 104 kias (193 km/h)
Vpd (chute deployment): 133 kias (246 km/h)
Vglide (best glide): 90 kias (167 km/h)

Measurements
Propeller: 78 in (1.98 m) diameter, 3 blade, constant speed
Length: 26 ft (7.9 m)
Height: 8 ft 9 in (2.6 m)
Wingspan: 38 ft 4 in (11.7 m)
Cabin length: 130 in (3.3 m)
Cabin width: 49 in (1.3 m)
Cabin height: 50 in (1.3 m)

Turbo performance (85 % power)
12,000 ft 194 KTAS 17.5 gal/h; 66.25 liter/hour
18,000 ft 203 KTAS 17.5 gal/h; 66.25 liter/hour
25,000 ft 211 KTAS 17.5 gal/h; 66.25 liter/hour
Ceiling: 25,000 ft
Top Speed: 235 KTAS

Last updated February 05, 2010
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Cirrus SR22".
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