- Aircraft History, Specification and Information -
Cessna 680 Citation Sovereign
Cessna 680 Citation Sovereign - C-GSOE - Sunwest Aviation - Twin Engine Business Jet Aircraft - Corporate Jet Airplane
Cessna 680 Citation Sovereign
C-GSOE (sn 680-0223)
Sunwest Aviation Ltd.
Photo taken April 07, 2009
Calgary Airport, AB Canada
(YYC / CYYC)
Photo © Marcel Siegenthaler
Cessna 680 Citation Sovereign - N822DS - Twin Engine Business Jet Aircraft
Cessna 680 Citation Sovereign
N822DS (sn 680-0121)
Photo taken April 07, 2009
Calgary Airport, AB Canada
(YYC / CYYC)
Photo © Marcel Siegenthaler

The Cessna Citation Sovereign (Cessna Model 680 Sovereign) is an American mid-size business jet developed by Cessna. It is currently the second largest member of the Citation product line, with only the Citation X being larger. The Sovereign is considered a transcontinental aircraft and is used primarily for corporate travel.

Design and development

In the late 1990s, Cessna saw the need for a high-performance jet midway between the Excel/XLS size and the Citation X. The result was the Model 680 Citation Sovereign, powered by two Pratt & Whitney Canada PW306C turbofan engines with FADEC controls. It uses the Honeywell Primus Epic glass cockpit avionics suite, coupled with dual Honeywell FMZ2000 FMS units. Its claim to fame is that it can take off and land in short distances, thanks to a moderately swept high aspect ratio wing, and (when light) 92 knot Vref speed. It was first unveiled to the public in 1998 at the NBAA exhibition in Las Vegas, Nevada. The Sovereign seats eight passengers in a typical cabin configuration, with a maximum high-density capacity of 12, in addition to the crew of two.

First flight of the Sovereign took place in February, 2002, with FAA certification awarded in June, 2004. Customer deliveries began later that year.

Milestones

October 1998 the Citation Sovereign was announced
February 2002 marked the first flight of the prototype
June 2002 the first production Citation Sovereign (unit number 001), completed its first flight
August 2003 was the first production roll-out, unit number 003
June 2004 FAA type certification was granted
September 2004 was the first delivery
April 2005 European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) and Joint Aviation Authorities certification was granted
November 2006 the 100th Citation Sovereign was delivered
November 2007 marked more than 100,000 hours of flight time accumulated

Specifications (Cessna 680 Citation Sovereign)

Performance
Single Pilot Certified: No
Maximum Cruise Speed: 458 ktas (848 km/h)
Certified Ceiling: 47,000 ft (14,326 m)
Takeoff Distance: 3,640 ft (1,109 m)
Landing Distance: 2,650 ft (808 m)
Rate of Climb at Sea Level: 4,016 fpm (1,224 mpm)
Range: 2,847 nm (5,273 km)

Maximum Weights
Ramp Weight: 30,550 lb (13,857 kg)
Takeoff Weight: 30,300 lb (13,744 kg)
Landing Weight: 27,100 lb (12,292 kg)
Zero Fuel Weigh:t 20,800 lb (9,435 kg)
Usable Fuel Capacity: 11,216 lb (5,087 kg)
Typically-Equipped Empty Weight: 18,120 lb (8,219 kg)
Useful Load: 12,430 lb (5,638 kg)
Maximum Payload: 2,680 lb (1,216 kg)
Full-Fuel Payload: 1,214 lb (551 kg)

Dimensions
Exterior
Height: 20 ft 4 in (6.2 m)
Length: 63 ft 6 in (19.35 m)
Wingspan: 63 ft 4 in (19.3 m)
Cabin
Height: 68 in (172.72 cm)
Width: 66 in (167.64 cm)
Length: 25 ft 3 in (7.7 ft)
Standard Seating Capacity: 9
Baggage Capacity: 135 cubic ft (3.8 cubic m)

Powerplant
Manufacturer: Pratt & Whitney
Model (Number): PW306C (2)
Power Output (thrust): 5,770 lb (25.67 kN)
Time Between Overhauls: 6,000 hr

Operating Costs (2009)
Cost per Mile: $4.87
Cost per Hour: $2,000

Last updated April 12, 2009
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Cessna Citation Sovereign".
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