|Cessna 560XL Citation Excel N2 (sn 560-5333)
United States Of America / Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)
Photo taken Jul. 29, 2010 @ Oshkosh (EAA AirVenture Fly-in), WI - USA (OSH / KOSH)
|Photo © Marcel Siegenthaler
The Cessna Citation Excel (Model 560XL) is a turbofan-powered small-to-medium sized business jet built by the Cessna Aircraft Company in Wichita, Kansas, USA. The Citation brand of business jets encompasses six distinct families of aircraft. The Excel, the Citation XLS, and the Citation XLS+ are one of these families.
Design and development
With the success of Cessna's high-end Citation X, the manufacturer saw a market for an aircraft with the X's features but aimed at the traditional Citation market, where it chiefly competes with twin turboprop aircraft. Rather than being a direct variant of another Citation airframe, the Excel was a combination of technologies and designs. To produce the Excel, Cessna took the X's wide, stand-up cabin fuselage, shortened it by about 21 feet (6.4 m) and mated it with an unswept wing utilizing a supercritical airfoil (based on the Citation V Ultra's wing) and a Citation V's tail.
To power the aircraft, Cessna chose the a new Pratt & Whitney Canada turbofan, the PW545A. As a result, the Excel has the roomiest cabin in its class of light corporate jets and can seat up to 10 passengers (in high-density configuration; typically the number is six to eight in a corporate configuration), while being flown by a crew of two.
The project was announced at the annual NBAA convention in October, 1994, and the prototype aircraft took off on its first flight on February 29, 1996. By the time FAA certification was granted in April 1998, Cessna had over 200 orders for the aircraft. By the time the 100th Excel was delivered in August 2000, the Wichita production line was producing an aircraft every three days. By the time the aircraft was superseded by the Citation XLS, a total of 308 had been built. The Excel has had an exceptional safety record, with only 5 accidents on record, none of which involved fatalities.
The Citation XLS was the first "makeover" that the Excel received. Besides a glass cockpit based on the Honeywell Primus 1000 EFIS avionics suite, the XLS featured the upgraded PW545B engines with increased performance.
Cessna upgraded the aircraft again to the Citation XLS+, or simply "Plus" configuration, with the inclusion of FADEC engine controls, improved PW545C engines, and a completely revised nose design similar to that found on the Citation Sovereign and Citation X. The Citation XLS+ is the first of the XL line to feature Collins Pro Line 21 Avionics and a four tube EFIS display as opposed to the three tube Honeywell displays in the XL and XLS.
- Citation Excel
- Citation XLS
- Citation XLS+
Swiss Air Force
The aircraft is operated by private individuals, companies and executive charter operators. A number of companies also use the aircraft as part of fractional ownership programs.
Specifications (Citation XLS+)
Capacity: 7-10 passengers
Length: 52 ft 6 in (16.0 m)
Wingspan: 56 ft 4 in (17.17 m)
Height: 17 ft 2 in (5.23 m)
Empty weight: 12,800 lb (5,086 kg)
Useful load: 7,400 lb (4,077 kg)
Max takeoff weight: 20,200 lb (9,163 kg)
Powerplant: 2× Pratt & Whitney Canada PW545C turbofans, 4,119 lb (18.32 kN) each
Cruise speed: 441 ktas (815 km/h)
Range: 1,858 nm (3,441 km)
Service ceiling: 45,000 ft (13,716 m)
Rate of climb: 3,500 ft/min (1,067 m/min)