- Aircraft History, Specification and Information -
Cessna 182 Skylane
Cessna 182E Skylane - N3284Y
1962 Cessna 182E Skylane
N3284Y (sn 18254284)
Photo taken Sep. 2007
Okanogan Legion Airport, WA - USA (S35 / KS35)
Photo © Marcel Siegenthaler

The Cessna 182 Skylane is an American four-seat, single-engine, light airplane, built by Cessna of Wichita, Kansas. It has the option of adding two child seats, installed in the baggage area.

Introduced in 1956, the 182 has been produced in a number of variants, including a version with retractable landing gear, and is the second most popular Cessna model, after the 172.

Development

The Cessna 182 was introduced in 1956 as a tricycle gear variant of the 180. In 1957, the 182A variant was introduced along with the name Skylane. Later models have added more powerful engines and bigger windows.

Cessna cites the 1990s resumption in producing general aviation aircraft such as this model due to change in U.S. liability laws. In 2005, Cessna began offering the Garmin G1000 glass cockpit as an optional upgrade to the Skylane. Subsequently the glass cockpit became standard equipment.

Design

The Cessna 182 is an all-metal (mostly aluminum alloy) aircraft, although some parts – such as engine cowling nosebowl and wingtips – are made of fiberglass or thermoplastic material. Its wing has the same planform as the smaller Cessna 172 and the larger 205/206 series; however, some wing details such as flap and aileron design are the same as the 172 and are not like the 205/206 components.

Retractable Gear
The retractable gear R182 and TR182 were offered from 1978 to 1986, without and with engine turbocharging respectively. The model designation nomenclature differs from some other Cessna models with optional retractable gear. For instance the retractable version of the Cessna 172 was designated as the 172RG, whereas the retractable gear version of the Cessna 182 is the R182. Cessna gave the R182 the marketing name of "Skylane RG".

The R182 and TR182 offer 10-15% improvement in climb and cruise speeds over their fixed gear counterparts or, alternatively, 10-15% better gas mileage at the same speeds at the cost of increased maintenance costs and decreased gear robustness. The 1978 R182, has a sea level climb rate of 1140 fpm and cruising speed (75% BHP) at 7,500 feet (2,300 m) of 156 KTAS at standard temperature.

The landing gear retraction system in the Skylane RG uses hydraulic actuators powered by an electrically-driven pump. The system includes a gear position warning that emits an intermittent tone through the cabin speaker when the gear is in the retracted position and either the throttle is reduced below approximately 12" MAP or the flaps are extended beyond 20 degrees. In the event of a hydraulic pump failure, the landing gear may be lowered using a hand pump to pressurize the hydraulic system. There is no alternative procedure for retracting the landing gear.

Variants

  • Cessna 182
    Initial production version with fixed landing gear, four place light aircraft, powered by a 230 hp (172 kW) Continental O-470-L piston engine, gross weight 2,550 lb (1,157 kg) and certified on 2 March 1956.
  • Cessna 182A Skylane
    Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a 230 hp (172 kW) Continental O-470-L piston engine, gross weight 2,650 lb (1,202 kg) and certified on 7 December 1956.
  • Cessna 182B Skylane
    Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a 230 hp (172 kW) Continental O-470-L piston engine, gross weight 2,650 lb (1,202 kg) and certified on 22 August 1958.
  • Cessna 182C Skylane
    Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a 230 hp (172 kW) Continental O-470-L piston engine, gross weight 2,650 lb (1,202 kg) and certified on 8 July 1959.
  • Cessna 182D Skylane
    Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a 230 hp (172 kW) Continental O-470-L piston engine, gross weight 2,650 lb (1,202 kg) and certified on 14 June 1960.
  • Cessna 182E Skylane
    Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a 230 hp (172 kW) Continental O-470-L or O-470-R piston engine, gross weight 2,800 lb (1,270 kg) and certified on 27 June 1961.
  • Cessna 182F Skylane
    Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a 230 hp (172 kW) Continental O-470-L or O-470-R piston engine, gross weight 2,800 lb (1,270 kg) and certified on 1 August 1962.
  • Cessna 182G Skylane
    Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a 230 hp (172 kW) Continental O-470-L or O-470-R piston engine, gross weight 2,800 lb (1,270 kg) and certified on 19 July 1963.
  • Cessna 182H Skylane
    Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a 230 hp (172 kW) Continental O-470-R piston engine, gross weight 2,800 lb (1,270 kg) and certified on 17 September 1964.
  • Cessna 182I
    There was no "I" model built.
  • Cessna 182J Skylane
    Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a 230 hp (172 kW) Continental O-470-R piston engine, gross weight 2,800 lb (1,270 kg) and certified on 20 October 1965.
  • Cessna 182K Skylane
    Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a 230 hp (172 kW) Continental O-470-R piston engine, gross weight 2,800 lb (1,270 kg) and certified on 3 August 1966.
  • Cessna 182L Skylane
    Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a 230 hp (172 kW) Continental O-470-R piston engine, gross weight 2,800 lb (1,270 kg) and certified on 28 July 1967.
  • Cessna 182M Skylane
    Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a 230 hp (172 kW) Continental O-470-R piston engine, gross weight 2,800 lb (1,270 kg) and certified on 19 September 1968. There was also an experimental version of this model with a full cantilever wing.
  • Cessna 182N Skylane
    Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a 230 hp (172 kW) Continental O-470-R or O-470-S piston engine, gross weight 2,950 lb (1,338 kg) for take-off and 2,800 lb (1,270 kg) for landing. Certified on 17 September 1969.
  • Cessna 182O
    There was no "O" model built.
  • Cessna 182P Skylane
    Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a 230 hp (172 kW) Continental O-470-R or O-470-S piston engine, gross weight 2,950 lb (1,338 kg) and certified on 8 October 1971.
  • Cessna 182Q Skylane
    Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a 230 hp (172 kW) Continental O-470-U piston engine, gross weight 2,950 lb (1,338 kg) and certified on 28 July 1976.
  • Cessna 182R
    Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a 230 hp (172 kW) Continental O-470-U piston engine, gross weight of 3,100 lb (1,406 kg) for take-off and 2,950 lb (1,338 kg) for landing. Certified on 29 August 1980.
  • Cessna 182S Skylane
    Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a fuel-injected 230 hp (172 kW) Lycoming IO-540-AB1A5 piston engine, gross weight of 3,100 lb (1,406 kg) for take-off and 2,950 lb (1,338 kg) for landing. Certified on 3 October 1996.
  • Cessna 182T Skylane
    Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a fuel-injected 230 hp (172 kW) Lycoming IO-540-AB1A5 piston engine, gross weight of 3,100 lb (1,406 kg) for take-off and 2,950 lb (1,338 kg) for landing. Certified on 23 February 2001.
  • Cessna R182 Skylane RG
    Four place light aircraft with retractable landing gear, powered by a 235 hp (175 kW) Lycoming O-540-J3C5D piston engine, gross weight 3,100 lb (1,406 kg) and certified on 7 July 1977.
  • Cessna T182
    Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a turbocharged 235 hp (175 kW) Lycoming 0-540-L3C5D, piston engine, gross weight of 3,100 lb (1,406 kg) for take-off and 2,950 lb (1,338 kg) for landing. Certified on 15 August 1980.
  • Cessna T182T Skylane
    Four place light aircraft with fixed landing gear, powered by a turbocharged and fuel-injected 235 hp (175 kW) Lycoming TIO-540-AK1A piston engine, gross weight of 3,100 lb (1,406 kg) for take-off and 2,950 lb (1,338 kg) for landing. Certified on 23 February 2001.
  • Cessna TR182 Turbo Skylane RG
    Four place light aircraft with retractable landing gear, powered by a turbocharged 235 hp (175 kW) Lycoming O-540-J3C5D piston engine, gross weight 3,100 lb (1,406 kg) and certified on 12 September 1978.

Aircraft Type Clubs

The Cessna 182 is supported by a number of active aircraft type clubs, including The Cessna Pilots Association and The Cessna 172/182 Club.

Operators

Civil users

The 182 is used, along with 172 aircraft, by the Civil Air Patrol as a platform for the Satellite Digital Imaging System and for search and rescue operations.
Cessna 182s were also built in Argentina by DINFIA (called A182), and by Reims Aviation, France, as the F-182.

Military operators

  • Argentina - Army Aviation
  • Belize
  • Canada - Canadian Army - 5 X L-182, retired 1970
  • Dominican Republic - Dominican Air Force
  • Dubai - Air Force
  • Ecuador - Army Aviation
  • El Salvador - Air Force
  • Guatemala
  • Lesotho
  • Mexico
  • Peru
  • Suriname
  • Uruguay - Air Force
  • Venezuela - Army and Air Force

Specifications (Cessna 182T)

General characteristics
Crew: 1
Capacity: 3 passengers
Length: 29 ft 0 in (8.84 m)
Wingspan: 36 ft 0 in (11.0 m)
Height: 9 ft 4 in (2.8 m)
Wing area: 174 sq ft (16.2 m²)
Airfoil: NACA 2412
Empty weight: 1,970 lb (894 kg)
Loaded weight: 3,110 lb (1,411 kg)
Useful load: 1,140 lb (517 kg)
Max takeoff weight: 3,100 lb (1406 kg)
Powerplant: 1× Lycoming IO-540-AB1A5 3-Bladed Constant Speed, 230 hp (172 kW)

Performance
Never exceed speed: 175 knots (201 mph, 324 km/h)
Maximum speed: 150 knots (173 mph, 278 km/h)
Cruise speed: 145 knots (167 mph, 269 km/h)
Stall speed: 49 knots (56 mph, 91 km/h)
Range: 930 nmi (1,070 mi, 1,722 km)
Service ceiling: 18,100 ft (5,517 m)
Rate of climb: 924 ft/min (4.7 m/s)
Wing loading: 17.8 lb/sq ft (87 kg/m²)
Power/mass: 0.074 hp/lb (122 W/kg)

Last updated June 27, 2010
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Cessna 182".
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