The Bombardier Global Express is an ultra long range corporate and VIP high speed jet aircraft produced by Bombardier Aerospace. The Bombardier Global 5000 is a slightly shorter version. The Global Express has also been modified for military missions, such as the Raytheon Sentinel.
Design and development
Bombardier Aerospace began studies in 1991 and the aircraft was officially launched in 1993. The first flight occurred on October 13, 1996. The Global Express (model designation BD-700-1A10) shares the Canadair Regional Jet's fuselage cross section and is similar in length, but despite the size similarities the two aircraft are very different due to the nature of their roles. The Global Express features an advanced all new supercritical wing with a 35° sweep and winglets, plus a new T-tail. The aircraft is powered by two BMW RollsRoyce BR-710 turbofans with FADEC. The advanced flightdeck features a six screen Honeywell Primus 2000 XP EFIS suite and is offered with optional heads-up displays.
The Global Express was announced on October 28, 1991 at the NBAA convention. Full-scale cabin mockup was exhibited at the NBAA convention in September 1992. Conceptual design started early 1993 and the programme was officially launched on December 20, 1993. The aircraft high-speed configuration was frozen in June 1994 and the low-speed configuration was established in August 1994.
The Global Express can fly intercontinental ranges without refueling (e.g. New York–Tokyo) or between most two points in the world with only one stop. In this class the Global Express competes with the Airbus Corporate Jet, Boeing Business Jet, Dassault Falcon 7X and Gulfstream G550.
Bombardier subsidiaries have three specific roles in the project: Canadair is the design leader and manufactures the nose; Short Brothers, Belfast is responsible for the design and manufacture of the engine nacelles, horizontal stabiliser and forward fuselage; and de Havilland Canada builds the rear fuselage and vertical tail and carries out final assembly. The major external supplier is Japan's Mitsubishi Heavy Industries which builds the wing and centre fuselage sections.
Global Express XRS
The Global Express XRS (model designation BD-700-1A10) is an improved version of the original aircraft, (announced on October 6, 2003 during the NBAA Convention at Orlando (Florida)) offering higher cruise speed, increased range, improved cabin layout and lighting. It is reported that the letters have no significance, but were chosen by focus groups simply to improve the brand image. The range increase is achieved by addition of a 1,486 lb (674 kg) fuel tank at the wing root. The Global Express XRS entered service in early 2006. The unit price is estimated to be $45.5 million (US). Bombardier claims it takes 15 minutes less to fuel the XRS than the original model thanks to improved computer systems and mechanical refinements.
The Global 5000 (model designation BD-700-1A11) is a derivative based on Global Express, with 0.813 m (32 in) reduction in forward fuselage length, and 1,200 nm reduction in maximum range. Seating capacity is up to 19 passengers. The aircraft was announced on October 25, 2001 with the official launch on 5 February 2002, after a positive market assessment with letters of intent for 15 aircraft.
The aircraft is manufactured by Bombardier Aerospace in Toronto, Ontario, and flown "green" to Montreal, Quebec, or Savannah for final completion.
The Global 5000 is built on the same production line as the Global Express XRS, and the two types' serial numbers are intermingled.
The first Global 5000 aircraft (s/n 9127) flew on March 7, 2003. The flight was dedicated to testing basic system functionality and assessing the aircraft's handling and flying qualities. The aircraft completed its preliminary testing at Bombardier's Downsview facility, before it moved to Bombardier's Wichita facility to begin the flight test program. The Global 5000 made its first appearance at the Paris Air Show in June 2003.
The Global 5000 can fly close to 5,000 nautical miles (9,300 km) nonstop at Mach 0.80. The average trip lengths for most operators is 2.5 hours where the aircraft will cruise between Mach 0.85 and Mach 0.89, making it one of the fastest long range jets available today.
Typical configuration features 18 passenger seats including fully berthable seats and an aft lounge/bedroom. The aircraft has a full galley and two lavatories. The crew rest area was removed, but is being considered on newer versions.
Originally, the maximum takeoff weight was 89,700 lb (40,700 kg). With typical equipment and passenger accoutrements, the empty weight was 52,000–55,000 pounds (22,600–25,000 kg). In April 2008, Bombardier announced that the certified gross weight had been increased to 92,500 lb (41954 kg), which permitted an increased fuel load—projected maximum range increased to 5,200 nm (9637 km).
The maximum certified altitude is 51,000 ft (16,000 m) The typical approach speed is 108 knots (200 km/h) requiring approximately 2,600 feet (790 m) of runway for landing.
Global 5000 changes compared to the Global Express are:
- Fuselage shortened by 0.813 m (32 in).
- Removal of the fuel tank in the tail and limiting fuel in the wings.
- Reduction in MTOW by 5,500 pounds (2,500 kg).
- Reduction in maximum range by 1,200 nm.
- Rearrangement of some avionics to gain usable cabin length.
- Generous allowance for interior completions (3200 kg).
Global Express - model designation BD-700-1A10
- Global Express XRS - model designation BD-700-1A10
- Global Express 5000 - model designation BD-700-1A11
- Raytheon Sentinel R1 - (Surveillance aircraft using Bombardier airframe supplied to Raytheon)
- Northrop Grumman E-11A - United States Air Force designation for four Global Express being used as a platform for the Battlefield Airborne Communications Node.
Botswana Air Force - operates a single BD-700-1A10 for VIP transport.
Luftwaffe - 4 ordered for VIP transport
Royal Malaysian Air Force. 1st Division - 2 Squadron - 1 for VIP transport
- United Kingdom
Royal Air Force. No. 5 Squadron RAF - 5 (Bombardier airframe modified as Raytheon Sentinel R1 by Raytheon)
Mexican Air Force - 1 ordered
The aircraft is operated by private individuals (such as Mark Shuttleworth), companies (such as MNG JET Aerospace) and executive charter operators, and the following government agencies:
- Federal Aviation Administration
Specifications (Global Express XRS)
Crew: Two (minimum) - four (typical)
Capacity: 8-19 passengers
Length: 99 ft 5 in (30.3 m)
Wingspan: 94 ft 0 in (28.65 m)
Height: 24 ft 10 in (7.57 m)
Wing area: 1,022 ft² (94.9 m²)
Empty weight: 49,750 lb (22,600 kg)
Useful load: 1,775 lb w/full fuel (805 kg)
Max takeoff weight: 99,500 lb (44,500 kg)
Powerplant: 2 × Rolls-Royce Deutschland BR710A2-20 turbofans, 14,750 lbf (65.5 kN) each
Cabin length: 48 ft 4 in (14.73 m)
Cabin max width (centerline): 8 ft 2 in (2.49 m)
Cabin max width (floorline): 6 ft 11 in (2.11 m)
Cabin height: 6 ft 3 in (1.91 m)
Cabin floor area: 335 ft² (31.1 m²)
Maximum speed: Mach .89 (513 kt, 590 mph, 950 km/h)
Cruise speed: Mach .85 (488 kt, 564 mph, 907 km/h)
Range: 6,325 nm (7,080 mi, 11,390 km)
Service ceiling: 51,000 ft (15,500 m)
Wing loading: 95.9 lb/ft² (468 kg/m²)
Balanced field length (SL, ISA, MGTOW): 6,120 ft (1,870 m)
Landing distance (SL, ISA, MLW): 2,670 ft (814 m)
Specifications (Global 5000)
Passengers: 8-17 (business/high-density interior)
Length: 96.8 ft (29.5 m)
Wingspan: 94 ft (28.7 m)
Wing area (basic): 1,022 ft² (95.0 m²)
Height overall: 25.5 ft (7.8 m)
Cabin length: 45.66 ft (13.92 m) (From start of forward lavatory to end of pressurized compartment)
Cabin width: (Centerline) 8.17 ft (2.49 m)
Cabin width: (Floorline) 6.92 ft (2.11 m)
Cabin height: 6.25 ft (1.91 m)
Floor area: (Excluding cockpit) 317 ft² (29.4 m²)
Cabin volume: 2,022 ft³ (57.26m³) (From start of forward lavatory to end of pressurized compartment)
A. Maximum ramp weight: 92,750 lb (42,071 kg)
B. Maximum takeoff weight: 92,500 lb (41,957 kg)
C. Maximum landing weight: 78,600 lb (35,652 kg)
D. Maximum zero fuel weight: 56,000 lb (25,401 kg)
E. Basic operating weight: 50,840 lb (23,061 kg)
F. Maximum fuel weight: 39,250 lb (17,804 kg)
Maximum payload (D-E): 5,160 lb (2,341 kg)
Payload – maximum fuel (A-E-F): 2,660 lb (1,207 kg)
Fuel for executive mission (8 pax/3 crew): 38,800 lb (17,599 kg)
Maximum range at M 0.85: 5,200 NM 9,630 km
(NBAA IFR Reserves, ISA, with 8 pax/3 crew)
High-speed: 0.89 Mach (513 kt) (590 mph) (950 km/h)
Typical cruise speed: 0.85 Mach (488 kt) (562 mph) (904 km/h)
5,540 ft (1,689 m) (SL, ISA, MTOW)
2,670 ft (814 m) (SL, ISA, MLW)
Maximum operating altitude: 51,000 ft (15,545 m)
Relative cabin pressure altitude at 45,000 ft (13,716 m): 4,500 ft (1,372 m)
EPNdB: 80.1 Flyover | 88.2 Approach | 89.7 Lateral
Rolls-Royce Deutschland BR710A2-20 turbofans
Thrust: 14,750 pounds (65.6 kN) thrust at takeoff
Flat-rating: ISA + 20°C (95°F)
Rockwell Collins Pro Line Fusion avionics suite
Four 15.1-inch (38.4 cm) Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) screens
Head-Up Display System (HUD), BEVS - Bombardier 3rd generation Enhanced Vision System
Onboard Maintenance Systems (OMS):
- Advances diagnostic and troubleshooting tool integrated with most aircraft systems: available on Multi-Function Display or for download onto a portable computer.
- Available both on the ground and in flight, OMS minimizes troubleshooting workload and reduces aircraft downtime.
Data Link, SATCOM: triple channel Inmarsat, single channel Iridium
Ethernet-based Cabin Electronic System with on-board Local Area Network
Single channel high-speed data, printer