The Beechcraft Model 77 Skipper is a two-seat, fixed tricycle gear general aviation airplane, originally designed for flight training, and later used as well for touring and personal flying.
Design work on the Skipper was begun in 1974 as the PD 285. The Skipper was Beechcraft's attempt to enter the two-place trainer market with an aircraft capable of competing with the popular Cessna 150/152 line of trainer aircraft. First flight of its prototype was in 1975. Though the aircraft first flew with a standard tail configuration, by the time it entered production, a T-tail configuration had been adopted, giving it an appearance very similar to its close competitor, the Piper PA-38 Tomahawk of 1978–82.
Like the Cessna and Piper trainers which were its primary competition, the Skipper utilizes the Lycoming O-235 engine and features side-by-side seating. A number of the design features of the Skipper respond to perceived shortcomings of other trainer aircraft. The cabin of the Skipper is 42.75 in (1.09 m) wide, compared to the 39.75 in (1.01 m) of the Cessna 152. The bubble design of the cabin and the large windows, combined with the low wing, give good visibility.
The Skipper wing utilizes a GA(W)-1 airfoil, especially engineered for general aviation applications, based on 1970s NASA research. The aircraft was certified for intentional spins. While it is an all-metal design, the Skipper incorporates a number of innovative construction techniques, including honeycomb bonding, tubular spars, and a hot-bonded wing structure.
The Skipper employed both a throttle quadrant and an instrument panel layout similar in design to the Sundowner, Sierra, and Duchess, with the intention of easing students' transitions to the more advanced trainers. Among its line of light aircraft, Beech only used the T-tail on the Skipper and on the four-place, twin-engine Duchess trainer.
The Skipper had the misfortune of being introduced at the beginning of a severe downturn in general aviation aircraft production in the United States. During its first year 1979, 47 were built, 140 in 1980, and 125 in 1981. A total of 312 aircraft were built.
Most of the production run was initially delivered to Beechcraft's flight school network, the Beech Aero Centers, where they were used as primary trainers. A handful of Skippers are still in use as trainers. Many others are in the hands of private owners who use them as touring aircraft.
Specifications (1979 Skipper)
Capacity: 1 passenger
Length: 24 ft (7.3 m)
Wingspan: 30 ft (9.1 m)
Height: 6 ft 11.1 in (1.81 m)
Wing area: 129.8 ft² (12.1 m²)
Empty weight: 1,100 lb (500 kg)
Useful load: 580 lb (260 kg)
Max takeoff weight: 1,675 lb (760 kg)
Powerplant: 1× Lycoming O-235-L2C flat-4 engine, 115 hp (86 kW)
Never exceed speed: 143 knots (165 mph, 263 km/h)
Cruise speed: 105 knots (121 mph, 194 km/h)
Clean: 49 knots (56 mph, 91 km/h)
With full flaps: 47 knots (54 mph, 87 km/h)
Range: 388 nm (719 km) at best economy
Service ceiling: 12,900 ft (3,900 m)
Rate of climb: 720 ft/min (3.67 m/s)
Max wing loading: 12.9 lb/ft² (62.8 kg/m²)
Minimum power/mass: 0.0685 hp/lb (113 W/kg)