- Aircraft History, Specification and Information -
Beechcraft 76 Duchess
Beechcraft 76 Duchess - N2008E - Twin Engine Light Aircraft
1978 Beechcraft 76 Duchess
N2008E (SN ME-73)
Photo taken July 13, 2007
Renton Muni. Airport, WA USA (KRNT)
Photo © Marcel Siegenthaler

The Beechcraft Model 76 Duchess is an American twin-engined monoplane built by Beechcraft.

The Duchess is a cantilever low-wing monoplane with an all metal structure, four seats, retractable tricycle undercarriage and a T-tail. It is powered by one 180hp (134kW) Lycoming O-360-A1G6D on the left wing and one LO-360-A1G6D on the right wing, which drive counter-rotating, constant-speed two-bladed propellers.

Cockpit of Beechcraft 76 Duchess - C-GSFB - Light Twin Engine Airplane
1979 Beechcraft 76 Duchess
C-GSFB (SN ME-137)
Cockpit view of the Southern Interior Flight Center Beech Duchess.
Photo taken February 07, 2007
Kelowna Airport, BC Canada (CYLW)
Photo © Marcel Siegenthaler
Beechcraft 76 Duchess - Multi Engine Aircraft - C-GPIR - PRO IFR
1979 Beechcraft 76 Duchess
C-GPIR (Serial No: ME186)
Professional IFR
Photo taken September 06, 2006
Boundary Bay Airport, BC Canada (CZBB)
Photo © Marcel Siegenthaler

Development

The Duchess was developed by Beechcraft from the single-engined Beechcraft Musketeer.

The prototype was first flown in September 1974 with the first production version flown on 24 May 1977. Deliveries to the Beech Aero Centers commenced early in 1978.

The Model 76 was designed as an economical twin-engine trainer for the Beech Aero Centers and to compete with the very similar Piper PA-44 Seminole as well as the Cessna 310.

The Model 76 incorporates engines that turn in different directions to eliminate the critical engine from single engine operation.

The Duchess wing is of honeycomb construction fastened by bonding, rather than rivets, to reduce cost and produce a smoother aerodynamic surface.

The Duchess is no longer in production but large numbers remain in use in flight schools around the world.

T-tail

The use of a T-tail on the Model 76 met with mixed critical reception when the aircraft was introduced. Plane & Pilot pronounced:

“ Outstanding design characteristics of the new Duchess include an aerodynamically advantageous T-tail, which places the horizontal surfaces above the propeller slipstream for better stability and handling ”

while Gerald Foster said:

“ [Beechcraft's] interest in T-tails was perhaps an affectation triggered by their wide use on jet airliners ”

Specifications

General characteristics
Crew: 1
Capacity: 3 passengers, 5 with optional seating
Payload: 854 lb. (387.3 kg.)
Length: 29ft. 1in. (8.85 m)
Wingspan: 38ft. (11.58 m)
Height: 9ft. 6in. (2.89 m)
Wing area: 181 ft2 (16.8 m2)
Airfoil: Root NACA 63A413.2 Tip NACA 63A415
Empty weight: 2446 lb. (1100 kg)
Useful load: 1454 lb. (659.5 kg)
Max takeoff weight: 3900 lb. (1780 kg)
Powerplant: × One Lycoming O-360-A1G6D and one LO-360-A1G6D, 180 hp (135 kW) each

Performance
Never exceed speed: 194 KIAS (225.5 mph)
Maximum speed: 171 knots (197 mph)
Cruise speed: 165 knots (190 mph)
Stall speed: 60 KIAS VSo (70 KIAS VS1)
Range: 932 NM (1072.5 miles)
Service ceiling: 19,400 ft. (4 876.8 m)
Rate of climb: 1248 ft./min. (380.4 m/min.)
Wing loading: 21.6 lb/sq ft (106.0 kg/sq m)

Last updated September 05, 2010
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Beechcraft Duchess".
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